Purpose: This study aims to analyze the concept of Zakat as an instrument to increase the economy and poverty eradication in Indonesia. Design/methodology/approach: This study used a qualitative method based on library research sourced from books, financial reports and another previous research. Findings: The results show that the empowerment programs conducted by Zakat institutions in Indonesia are based on the scale of priorities and the potential of Mustahik. Zakat management considers the level of productivity and long-term impacts that improve Mustahik Economy. Thus, the empowerment programs lead to the reduction of Mustahik living below poverty line. Research limitations/implications: This study contributes in two ways: first, it analyzes a model to identify the Mustahik’s potential for the Zakat institution in Indonesia. Second, it encourages the awareness of Muzakki and Mustahik regarding the role of Zakat in the Indonesian economy. This is expected to prompt their level of participation in optimizing the potential of Zakat in Indonesia. Originality/value: Given the scarce literature that provide qualitative and critical reviews of the implementation Zakat empowerment programs to alleviate poverty conducted by the Zakat institutions in Indonesia, this research can act as a bridge for future research in performing empirical studies regarding the impact of a Zakat empowerment program on society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-660
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2024


  • Empowerment
  • Indonesia
  • Poverty Alleviation SDG1
  • Sustainable development
  • Zakat


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