Yield potential and adaptability of several introduced Burley tobacco genotypes across development areas

S. Yulaikah, F. Rochman, Djajadi, Djumali, A. Herwati, R. Hamida, A. Ridhawati, Supriyono

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Burley tobacco is a light air-cured tobacco primarily used in the production of white and kretek cigarettes. Currently the major cultivated variety (TN90) has declined in its performance. To overcome the problem, several new high-quality and productivity genotypes have been introduced. However, these new genotypes have to be evaluated before they are cultivated commercially. This research aimed to determine the yield potential and adaptability of the newly introduced Burley tobacco genotypes for two growing seasons in six locations. Four introduced genotypes (AOB359, AOB656, DBH454, NC7LC) and one check variety (TN90) were arranged in a randomized block design with five replications. Parameters observed included flowering age, leaf number, leaf length and width, yield of dried tobacco leaves, grade index, and crop index. Data were analyzed using PKBT STAT 2.03. The results showed that yield potential varied from 1294.8 - 1527.3 kg ha-1 for dried tobacco leaves, grade index ranged from 55.25 - 55.91, crop index ranged from 70.91 - 84.60 and wide adaptability. The AOB359, AOB656, and NC7LC genotypes produced a potentially higher yield than the check variety.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012037
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume974
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes
Event2nd International Conference on Sustainable Plantation: Improving Added Value of Plantation Crops through Sustainable Plantation, ICSP 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 2 Sept 20213 Sept 2021

Keywords

  • Nicotiana tabacum
  • crop index
  • grade index
  • stability
  • yield

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