Women’s empowerment based on self-regulated learning as mother’s ability to fulfill nutrition in stunted children

Apriyani Puji Hastuti, Tintin Sukartini, Yuni Sufyanti Arief, Nursalam Nursalam, Ratna Roesardhyati, Ardhiles Wahyu Kurniawan, Dina Nurpita Suprawoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The role of providing nutrition to children aged 6–24 months who are stunted is related to the mother's ability to provide proper nutrition. Empowerment of mothers based on self-regulated learning is a nursing intervention that can be carried out by using the abilities, belief and individual capacities of mothers in completing tasks, managing and providing nutrition to children aged 6–24 months. Mother’s characteristic are motivation, self-esteem, self-efficacy, knowledge, belief and ability to decision-making about providing nutrition to children, so it can be a learning process for the mother in using resources which improve the nutrition ability of the mother. This study aims to apply a women’s empowerment model based on self-regulated learning in increasing the mother's ability to fulfill nutrition in stunted children aged 6–24 months. Materials and Methods: The research design used a quasi-experiment. The sampling technique used cluster sampling with 76 respondents in intervention group and 76 respondents in control group. The research was conducted in the working area in Public Health Center, Malang Regency. Data analysis in this study used the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Mann–Whitney. Results: The results of the study found that there were differences in the ability of mothers to fulfill nutrition in stunted children between the intervention group and the control group (p = 0.000). There were mean differences in the ability of mothers to fulfill nutrition for stunted children before and after the intervention in the intervention group with indicators of breastfeeding, food preparation and processing, complementary-feeding and responsive feeding were increased (p = 0.000). However, in the control group, there were no differences in the ability of mothers to fulfill nutrition with indicator breastfeeding (p = 0.462), food preparation and processing (p = 0.721), complementary feeding (p = 0.721), complementary feeding (p = 0.462). (p = 0.054), responsive feeding (p = 0.465) and adherence to stunting therapy (p = 0.722). Conclusion: The women’s empowerment model based on self-regulated learning is formed by individual mother factors, family factors, health service system factors, and child factors so that it can increase the mother's ability to fulfill nutrition in children aged 6–24 months who are stunted. The women’s empowerment is a learning process about breastfeeding, food hygiene, infant and young children feeding, and responsive feeding by mothers to fulfill nutrition in children with stunting, with a goal and plan to achieve an improvement in mother’s ability and nutritional status in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume79
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • ability
  • nutrition
  • stunting
  • women empowerment

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