Wedge resection on recurrent pneumothorax, failed lung expansion after needle aspiration: A case report

Anita Nur Charisma, Arief Bakhtiar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Pneumothorax has several classifications, including based on etiology, location, extent, and degree of collapse as well as by mechanism and type. Case presentation: A 61-years-old man with the main complaint of sudden shortness of breath after lifting a birdcage. The complaint worsened, and it was accompanied by nausea, sweating, and decreased vital signs. The patient was in a life-threatening condition with a tension pneumothorax and treated with needle aspiration (NA). On the second day of treatment, a clinical evaluation showed recurrent dyspnea. Lung physical examination and chest X-ray evaluation showed recurrent pneumothorax with subcutaneous emphysema. Installation of chest tube drainages (CTD) with active continuous suction of −20 cmH2O. High-resolution CT (HRCT) showed right pneumothorax with multiple blebs, bullae, and bronchopleural fistula. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) was carried out to repair bronchopleural fistula (BPF). However, pre-surgery found multiple bullae and multiple fistulas accompanied by adhesion to the chest wall, thus the procedure could not be conducted. As an alternative, thoracotomy was performed, followed by wedge resection and fistula reparation. Discussion: Diagnosis of pneumothorax is based on clinical manifestations. Conservative management by providing oxygen or NA/CTD insertion. Needle aspiration is a simple and alternative treatment and performed for an outpatient indication, whereas CTD requiring hospitalization and is performed by experts. Management aims to restore clinical symptoms, restore lung expansion and prevent a recurrence. Conclusion: The choice of thoracoscopy/VATS or thoracotomy needs to be considered according to the indications so that complications do not occur and have a good prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106000
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Needle aspiration
  • Recurrent pneumothorax
  • Wedge resection


Dive into the research topics of 'Wedge resection on recurrent pneumothorax, failed lung expansion after needle aspiration: A case report'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this