Background: Increased demand for arthroplasty also increases the number of complications of arthroplasty, especially surgical site infection (SSI). One of the effective strategies in preventing surgical site infection is the use of appropriate prophylactic antibiotics. Objective: To identify and analyse information from clinical studies regarding factors affecting the effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics in arthroplasty patients. Methods: A scoping review was conducted through the PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases within a publication range from January 2004 to August 2020. Study data are extracted and analysed by a minimum of two reviewers. Results: The search results found 2.419 articles, with 39 articles were included for further analysis. Cefazolin monotherapy was the most frequently studied antibiotic (15 articles) followed by vancomycin monotherapy (8 articles). Most widely used antibiotics in arthroplasty were cefazolin mono-therapy (997.599 procedures with SSI incidence range: 0,20–16,05%) followed by vancomycin mono-therapy (125.170 procedures with SSI incidence range: 0.27–3,88%) The correct antibiotic dose has a lower percentage of the SSI than the wrong antibiotic dose. Meanwhile, administration of antibiotics within single dose or <24 h had a lower SSI percentage than administration of antibiotics >24 h. Administration antibiotics before incision also have a lower SSI percentage than after incision. There were no studies that discussed re-dosing of antibiotics in this scoping review.
|Journal||Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2022|
- prophylactic antibiotics
- surgical site infection