Unraveling the secrets of Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. a comprehensive study of morpho-anatomy and DNA barcoding

D. K. Wahyuni, B. F. Yoku, S. R. Mukarromah, P. R. Purnama, M. Ilham, G. A. Rakashiwi, D. T. Indriati, Junairiah, S. Wacharasindhu, S. Prasongsuk, S. Subramaniam, H. Purnobasuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Safety regarding herbal products is very necessary; therefore, routine identification of raw materials should be performed to ensure that the raw materials used in pharmaceutical products are suitable for their intended use. In order for the identification-related data obtained to be accurate, the identification of various kinds of markers is also very necessary. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. based on qualitative morpho-anatomical markers and quantitative DNA coding. The morphology of this plant has herbaceous habit with a taproot and a stem with branches that appear from the middle. Leaves are single type imperfectly arranged oppositely, lanceolatus, finely serrated on the edges, tapered at the base, pointed at the end, and have a pinnate and hairy leaf surface. The flowers consist of ray flowers and tube flowers with a cup shape. Meanwhile, in terms of anatomy, E. alba has aerenchyma, which are scattered in the cortex of the root and stem. In addition, there are anisocytic stomata, glandular trichomes, and non-glandural trichomes with an elongated shape accompanied by ornamentation found on the leaf epidermis. The results of sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree reconstruction show that the sample plants are closely related to species in the genus Eclipta.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere274315
JournalBrazilian Journal of Biology
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • DNA barcode
  • Eclipta alba
  • matK
  • morpho-anatomy
  • rbcL


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