Uno stacko: A game to increase the elderly cognitive function

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The elderly experience physical, mental, and social decline gradually, one of which is a decline in cognitive function. Efforts to improve the cognitive function in the elderly can given by Uno Stacko game intervention. This study aimed to determine the effect of the Uno Stacko game on improving cognitive function in the elderly. This research used a quasy-experiment pre-post-test with a control group design. The sampling technique used in this study is purposive sampling. The samples in this study were 36 respondents who were divided into two groups; the treatment group (n=18) and the control group (n=18). The independent variable was the uno stacko game. The dependent variable was the cognitive function. The instrument in this study was the mini-mental state exam (MMSE) questionnaire. The data were analyzed using paired t-test dan independent t-test (α=0.05). Data analysis by paired T-test in the treatment group obtained p=0.000, which means there was an increase in cognitive function before and after the intervention of the uno stacko game, while in the control group p= 0.542, which means there was no change in cognitive function in the elderly. Independent T-test statistical test results obtained p= 0.000. Namely, there was a significant difference between the post-test of the treatment and the control group. The results of the study are an influence of the uno stacko game on the improvement of cognitive function in the elderly. Uno stacko game has powers that can stimulate aspects of cognitive function in the elderly. Nurses can apply the game as a non-pharmacological alternative therapy to improve the cognitive function of the elderly who live in nursing homes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1703-1707
Number of pages5
JournalEurAsian Journal of BioSciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Cognitive function
  • Elderly
  • Game
  • MMSE
  • Uno stacko


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