Translation validity and reliability of the Indonesian version of the 5-item International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5)

Tetuka Bagus Laksita, Yudhistira Pradnyan Kloping, Lukman Hakim, Fikri Rizaldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: This study aimed to translate the IIEF-5 questionnaire into Indonesian and perform a validity and reliability assessment of the translated instrument. Material and Methods: A methodological study on 106 male outpatients, recruited consecutively, was car-ried out in a tertiary hospital in Surabaya, East Java from January to March 2020. This study was conducted in two stages: translation and validation. Two independent sworn translators performed a forward and back-ward translation of the first draft. The final version was synthesized by a team of experts comprised two urologists and another sworn translator. The validity of the questionnaire is determined through a Pearson correlation analysis. Cronbach’s α internal consistency measurement was used to assess its reliability. Inter-rater reliability between the patient and the physician was measured using the Cohen’s ĸ coefficient. Results: Pearson’s “r” value is significantly higher than the critical value table and indicates a high to a very high level of validity based on Guilford’s interpretation (r = 0.70-1.00). A good internal consistency is shown by the Cronbach’s α coefficient value (α = 0.828). An almost perfect agreement between the patient’s results and the assessment made by the physicians is shown by the Cohen’s ĸ coefficient value (ĸ = 0.879, P <.001). Conclusion: The Indonesian IIEF-5 is a valid and reliable patient-reported outcome measure for evaluating erectile dysfunction in the literate middle-aged and older adult male population in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-494
Number of pages6
JournalTurkish Journal of Urology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Indonesian IIEF
  • International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)
  • Reliability
  • Validity


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