Transforming volcanic mud into mesoporous silica xerogel and its performance for efficient humidity adsorption

Qurrota A'yuni, Ardhana Rahmayanti, Hartati Hartati, Purkan Purkan, Riki Subagyo, Sofia Fuadah, Novia Amalia Sholeha, Hasliza Bahruji, Hikmat Hikmat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A high humidity level in the environment leads to the development of desiccants as hygroscopic material for adsorbing water vapor. Mesoporous silica xerogel, one of the solid adsorbents used for humidity adsorption, was synthesized from hazardous waste of volcanic mud via sol–gel methods by controlling the pH of the solution. The disordered amorphous silica was obtained, with the properties varied depending on the pH of the solution. Silica xerogel obtained at pH 8 exhibits the highest specific surface area of 576.527 m2g−1 and mesoporous surface area of 527.842 m2g−1. It also has the highest adsorption capacity of 18.90% gw/gads determined from the conventional method and 22.14% gw/gads from TG analysis. The performance for humidity adsorption exceeds the commercial silica with an efficiency of 0.9–7% gw/gads. This result indicates that the potential SiO2 extracted from volcanic mud can be commercialized as desiccants for humidity adsorption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101771
JournalJournal of Saudi Chemical Society
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Hazardous waste
  • Humidity adsorption
  • pH effect
  • Silica xerogel
  • Volcanic mud

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