Ti3SiC2 MAX phase for generating mode-locked pulses in 1.5 µm wavelength region

Muhammad A.A.B. Sahib, Rozalina Zakaria, Nur Farhanah Zulkipli, Ahmad H.A. Rosol, Moh Yasin, Sulaiman W. Harun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This letter demonstrates the application of MAX phase material as saturable absorber (SA) for mode-locking in Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL). Here, we use titanium silicon carbide (Ti3SiC2) compound to make thin film in polyvinyl alcohol host polymer. The fabricated composite film exhibits a saturable absorption of 51% and it produces mode-locked pulses at 1559 nm in an extended 106 m long EDFL's cavity. The EDFL generates ultrashort pulses with repetition frequency of 1.88 MHz and pulse width of 3.03 ps when the pump is adjusted within 123.7–181.1 mW. At 181.1 mW, the laser achieves the pulse energy of 6.0 nJ and the peak power of 2.0 kW. Overall, the Ti3SiC2 SA establishes a compact and straightforward approach for mode-locking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2464-2469
Number of pages6
JournalMicrowave and Optical Technology Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • MAX phase
  • TiSiC
  • mode-locking
  • saturable absorber


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