Thromboelastography Parameter and Its Association with Survival of COVID-19 Patients: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study

Nita Wiyono, Yetti Hernaningsih, Arifoel Hajat, Paulus Budiono Notopuro, Narazah Mohd Yusoff, Emmanuel Jairaj Moses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Coagulopathy associated with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may cause life-threatening complications, especially in severe or critically ill COVID-19 patients. Thromboelastography (TEG) is an effective, dynamic, and reliable test to assess the complete coagulation process. This study aimed to determine the association between selected TEG parameters and survival in COVID-19 patients. Methods: This study was a retrospective observational study using data from medical records of COVID-19 patients who were hospitalized in Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. There were 94 COVID-19 patients consisting of 76 survivors and 18 non-survivors. The association between TEG results and certain TEG parameters with survival status was considered significant if the p-value ≤ 0.05. Results: Increased coagulation activity had a significant association with the survival status of COVID-19 patients (p=0.04). There were no significant differences in all TEG parameters between COVID-19 patients who survived and those who did not survive (p > 0.05). Based on the TEG analysis tree, the most TEG results found were secondary fibrinolysis (21.3%) and fibrinolytic shutdown (24.5%). No significant association was found between the coagulability and fibrinolysis abnormality with the survival status in COVID-19 patients (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There was no significant difference in TEG results between COVID-19 survivors and non-survivors. However, based on the TEG result, an increase in coagulation activity is associated with a lower survival rate. Further study with detailed timing of TEG examination, disease severity and comorbidities stratification in COVID-19 patients may be needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • COVID-19
  • Fibrinolysis
  • Hypercoagulability
  • Survival
  • Thromboelastography


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