The roles of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Endoplasmic Reticulum Aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP 1) gene in axial spondyloarthritis Indonesian adults

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Abstract

Background: Axial Spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) is chronic inflammatory arthritis involving the axial joint whose pathogenesis is related to the SNP ERAP1 gene, HLA B27, and cytokine proinflammatory (IL-17A and IL-23). Objective: Analyzed the role of SNP gene ERAP1 on disease activity and proinflammatory cytokines. Methods: This study comprised of two phases including a cross-sectional study and an in-vitro experiment in post-test with a control-group design. Participants underwent a PCR investigation searching for HLA-B27. Disease activities were measured by Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score-Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ASDAS-ESR) and modified Stokes Ankylosing Spondylitis Spinal Score (mSASSS). Subjects with HLA-B27 positive underwent PCR ERAP1 gene rs27434, genome-sequencing, and analysis. ELISA sandwich method was used to measure ERAP-1, IL-17, and IL-23 levels with lipopolysaccharide and IFN-γ induction. Analysis using independent t-test, Mann Whitney, and Pearson correlation test with p < 0.05. Results: The average ASDAS-ESR was 3.33 ± 0.89 and the average mSASSS was 26.53 ± 9.90. In HLA B27 positive group, SNP ERAP1 gene rs 27434 in which alleles A changed to G and A/G with genotypes AA to AG/GG was observed. SNPs of the ERAP1 gene had a correlation on mSASSS (r = 0.553; p < 0.05) and no correlation on ASDAS-ESR (r = 0.232; p = 0.235). There were significant differences observed in the SNP ERAP1 gene on ERAP1 and IL-17A levels in subjects with lipopolysaccharide and IFN-γ induction (p = 0.05) but no significant difference in IL-23 levels (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The SNP ERAP1 gene affects mSASSS value, ERAP1 levels, and IL-17A levels whereas ASDAS-ESR value and IL-23 level were not associated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103675
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • ASDAS-ESR
  • Axial spondyloarthritis
  • ERAP1
  • Interleukin
  • mSASSS

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