Background: Several aspects of chronic kidney disease (CKD) such as the incidence rate and mortality rate are concerning. Oxidative stress contributes to progression and mortality in patients with CKD; however, a specific correlation between several markers of oxidative stress and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) in the Indonesian population has not been sufficiently described yet. Methods: This study was an analytic observational study with a sample of 56 patients with CKD in Universitas Airlangga Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, from December 2019 – March 2020. The markers for oxidative stress investigated were urinary 8-hydroxy-2 deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), serum symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). The correlations between each variable of oxidative stress and CKD were analyzed using Pearson analysis. Results: There was a positive correlation between 8-OHdG and eGFR (p=0.00, r=0.51); however, there was a negative correlation between 8-OHdG and ACR (p=0.025, r=-0.30). SDMA and eGFR showed a negative correlation (p=0.00, r=-0.648), while SDMA and ACR showed a positive correlation (p=0.03, r=0.349). ADMA showed a negative correlation with eGFR (p=0.00, r=-0.476). There were significantly decreased 8-OHdG but increased ADMA and SDMA as the CKD stage progressed (p=0.001, p=0.00, and p = 0.00, respectively). Higher urine 8-OHdG was detected in patients without history of hemodialysis, whereas ADMA and SDMA showed higher value in patients with hemodialysis (p=0.00, p=0.00, and p=0.004, respectively), patients with history of diabetes mellitus (DM) had higher mean 8-OHdG (p 0.000) yet lower serum ADMA and SDMA (p=0.004 and p=0.003, respectively). Conclusions: In patients with CKD in Indonesia, the markers for oxidative stress 8-OHdG, SDMA, and ADMA are correlated with eGFR and ACR levels. There were also significant difference in 8-OHdG, SDMA, and ADMA levels among CKD stages, between dialysis vs non dialysis, and DM vs non DM patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • 8-OHG
  • ADMA
  • SDMA
  • chronic kidney disease
  • health risk
  • oxidative stress


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