The relationships of temperature and humidity in air-conditioned room to the occurrences of sick building syndrome

Siti Hanifah, Zikri Fathur Rahman, Abdul Rohim Tualeka

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1 Citation (Scopus)


High rates of Sick Building Syndrome in other countries where pollution levels are far lower than Indonesia, it is suspected that Sick Building Syndrome in Indonesia is already worrying and that pollution levels are very high. This syndrome can cause respiratory infections and can worsen people with asthma and allergies due to dirty air. The main objective of this study is to analyze the relationship of temperature and humidity in air-conditioned rooms to the emergence of Sick Building Syndrome in UPT PSMB-LT Surabaya. This research is a descriptive study using an observational and approach cross-sectional. The population in this study were all employees who worked at UPT PSMB-LT Surabaya, as many as 35 people, using Non-Probability Sampling namely techniques, total sampling. Data collection is done by interview and observation. Data will be processed and presented in the form of frequency tabulation and described using a contingency coefficient test. The results of this study indicate that the measured air temperature meets the standards except for the physics laboratory room and the air humidity measured mostly does not meet the standards except the leadership room, treasurer room, quality assurance room, physics laboratory room and cation room. Symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome most commonly complain of symptoms on the skin. There is a moderate relationship between the incidence of Sick Building Syndrome and age. Suggestions for companies are to pay attention to the temperature of the air inside and outside the room as well as the humidity of the air, SBS complaints need to be aware of early on, use a lotion before entering an air-conditioned room.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3486-3490
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Air-conditioned rooms
  • Physical quality of the air
  • Sick Building Syndrome


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