The predictors of high titer of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody of convalescent plasma donors

Shinta Oktya Wardhani, Jonny Karunia Fajar, Nina Nurarifah, Djoko Heri Hermanto, Siti Fatonah, Susanthy Djajalaksana, Arie Zainul Fatoni, Putu Moda Arsana, Laksmi Wulandari, Gatot Soegiarto, Kuldeep Dhama, Harapan Harapan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recent evidence suggested that the higher titers of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibody from convalescent plasma donors contributed to the clinical improvement in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. However, the titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies varied in each individual, and the precise factors that might govern such variation have not been elucidated. Objectives: To assess the factors associated with high titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody among COVID-19 convalescent plasma (CCP) donors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Saiful Anwar General Hospital, Malang, Indonesia. Information of interest including demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms, comorbidities, laboratory findings, and the titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody among COVID-19 CCP donors were collected. The correlation was assessed using multiple logistic regression. Results: A total of 50 COVID-19 CCP donors with the titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody of more than 1:320 and 33 donors with the titers of less than 1:320 were analyzed. Our analysis revealed that CCP donors with history of cough, fever, dyspnea, and pneumonia significantly had higher titers of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody compared to asymptomatic donors. Moreover, CCP donors with elevated levels of eosinophils and immature granulocytes and low levels of albumins had higher levels of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody. The titer of antibody was not affected by comorbidities of donors. Conclusions: CPP donors who had experience of symptomatic COVID-19 with high eosinophils level, high immature granulocytes and low albumin level have higher titers of anti-SARS-COV-2 antibody than those who experienced asymptomatic COVID-19. Our current findings may be used as the additional baseline criteria for selecting the donors of CCP for the management of COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100763
JournalClinical Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Convalescent plasma
  • Donors
  • Predictor
  • Titers of antibody

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