Coastal states have the authority to manage and utilize natural resources in their Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Both international law and national laws of coastal states include numerous regulations governing the authority of coastal states in the EEZ. These laws are key to the efficient and sustainable use of natural resources in the EEZ. This paper will examine the philosophical basis of the authority of coastal states to manage natural resources in the EEZ. The research method used is a normative research method. This research aims to identify and analyze the limits of authority and the purpose of the authority granted by international law. Coastal states can manage natural resources based on the rule of law, and thus realize the purpose for which they were granted such authority. The results of this study suggest that the philosophical basis for the authority of coastal states to manage natural resources in the EEZ is based on sovereign rights. The sovereign right to manage natural resources in the EEZ is exercised for peaceful purposes; the states are required to protect the environment and ensure the sustainability of fishery resources, not violate the rights of developing countries, whether coastal, landlocked or geographically disadvantaged.
- Sovereign rights