The nexus between the WTO fisheries subsidies rules and food security in Indonesia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: The World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies (AFS) requires all members to avoid subsidy policies and financial measures that weaken sustainability in fishing and instead divert public spending in such a way that it is more beneficial to fisheries sectors. This paper aims to argue that the WTO fisheries subsidies rules can be considered as a mechanism not only for achieving fisheries sustainability but also for supporting food security in Indonesia. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology of this study consists of descriptive and analytical legal research that identifies the relation between fisheries subsidies and food security policies in Indonesia. Findings: Fisheries subsidies policies in Indonesia focus on government support for small-scale fishers not only to promote fishing sustainability and marine resource protection but also to improve their ability to participate in food security strategies. Practical implications: The elimination of harmful fisheries subsidies could be regarded as a mechanism for not only preserving and sustaining marine resources but also achieving food security in other developing countries. Originality/value: The author’s knowledge of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is valuable in elaborating a new paradigm on how the WTO is achieving SDG 14 (Life below Water) and SDG 2 (Zero Hunger) in parallel by analysing Indonesia’s efforts to implement the AFS while also allocating public spending to fisheries sectors to accommodate food security.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-149
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of International Trade Law and Policy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2023


  • Fisheries subsidies
  • Food security policy
  • Indonesia
  • WTO


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