The Integrated Pathway: A Novel Educational Model for Islamic Boarding Schools in Indonesia

Maisyatus Suadaa Irfana, Indrianawati Usman, Nuri Herachwati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aims to investigate Islamic boarding school or pesantren education in Indonesia comprehensively. The dataset was generated from the Scopus database and Google Scholar using the keywords “Pesantren” and “education”. There were 24 papers reviewed in the research. The research findings show that the character values instilled in Islamic boarding school education in Indonesia include promoting tolerance and egalitarianism, sharing mutual respect, mutual love, hard work, politeness, and nobility, and many more. Another finding discovers many pesantren education approaches clustered into excellent approaches, human approach, environmentally based education, culturally based learning, technology-based, Modern-traditional approach, Self-regulated learning, school education, pesantren education, and role modelling. Furthermore, the critical finding is a proposed new model of pesantren education, namely the pesantren education transformation model, that combines all education approaches. The transformation model integrates local wisdom, global, knowledge and skills. The theoretical contribution of this research is that a new model has been produced and is a refinement of the existing Islamic boarding school education model. This educational transformation model can provide a new discourse regarding Islamic boarding school education development. The practical contribution of this research is that the Islamic boarding school education model can be implemented in various Islamic boarding schools by considering local wisdom and the values held by each Islamic boarding school.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-567
Number of pages16
JournalMigration Letters
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Developing countries
  • Islamic boarding school
  • Pesantren
  • Pesantren education
  • Pesantren education model


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