The influence of social environment and facility support on smoking in adolescent males in Indonesia

Kurnia Dwi Artanti, Rosaline Dinda Arista, Tatu Indira Khairunnisa Fazmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The high number of smokers in Indonesia, including adolescents, causes high morbidity due to smoking. Reducing the incidence of smoking-related disease in Indonesia needs to be done by reducing the number of smokers. This can be done by preventing smoking as early as possible, including during adolescence. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of adolescent male smokers and determine the social environment and facility support that influences smoking behavior in adolescent males aged 15–18 years in Surabaya, Indonesia. Design and method: A cross-sectional study was performed from 1st October 2021 to 31st January 2022 on adolescent males aged 15 to 18 from senior high schools in Surabaya. 369 respondents completed a self-administered questionnaire about social environment and facility support that influence smoking behavior. The questionnaire result of the questionnaire was computed using bivariate analysis to examine the relationship between social environment, facility support, and smoking behavior. Result: Of the 369 eligible participants, 95 (25.7%) were smokers, while the remaining 274 were not. The factors affecting smoking among adolescents were families influence (p = 0.000; PR = 4.805; CI = 2.923–7.900), friends influence (p = 0.000; RP = 3.987; CI = 2.4906.383), and advertisements influence (p = 0.000; RP = 3.137; CI = 2.275–4.325). Facility support was not found to be too influential (p = 0.399; RP = 0.767; CI = 0.472–1.245). Familia influence was the strongest factor in smoking among adolescent males aged 15 to 18. Conclusions: Integrated programs and policies are needed to prevent and rehabilitate adolescents from smoking behavior. Improving their understanding of the health impacts of smoking is also needed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Public Health Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • Adolescent
  • facility support
  • smoking
  • social environment
  • tobacco control


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