The influence of singing method on independence in personal hygiene in pre-school children

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Independence in personal hygiene is essential to train children so that children can be more responsible and not dependent on others. One of the independence that can be taught to children from an early age is independence in terms of personal hygiene such as washing hands, cutting nails, washing hair, and brushing teeth. However, in reality, there are still young children who have not been able to achieve independence in terms of meeting personal hygiene needs. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the singing method on autonomy in the personal hygiene of preschool-age children. The design of this study is Quasy Experimental. The sample in this study were 38 children and parents chosen by purposive sampling. The singing method was the independent variable in this study, and the dependent variable in this study was independence in personal hygiene. Data were collected using an observation sheet and then analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test with a significance level α <0.05 and a Mann Whitney U test with a significance level α <0.05. The results showed a change in the independence of personal hygiene behavior before and after the singing method intervention in the treatment group (p=0.001), and there were differences in the autonomy of individual hygiene behavior between the control group and treatment after the singing method (p=0.001). The singing method can significantly influence the level of independence in personal hygiene in pre-school age children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1621-1624
Number of pages4
JournalEurAsian Journal of BioSciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Independence
  • Personal hygiene
  • Pre-school children
  • Singing


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