The influence of parenting and friendship on self-esteem in adolescents

Rini Sugiarti, Erwin Erlangga, Purwaningtyastuti Purwaningtyastuti, Fendy Suhariadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Studies in psychology often discuss adolescents with their strong self-esteem as individuals who know themselves. Self-esteem development in adolescents. These adolescents begin to understand the changes of personality development starting from the cognitive aspect or thoughts, emotion, feeling, social, and physical aspects. AIM: This study consistently aimed at finding comprehensive evidence that positive parenting and friendship affect self-esteem in adolescents. METHODS: The population of this study was adolescents, namely 173 senior high school students consisting of 72 males and 100 females who were involved and participated in this study. The data analysis, in this study, was the 2 predictors for linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that parenting and friendship simultaneously influenced self-esteem formation in adolescents. Partially, the result of this study also showed that parenting affected self-esteem formation in adolescents. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, friendship showed a significant effect on self-esteem formation in adolescents. Thus, the hypotheses in this study were accepted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1307-1315
Number of pages9
JournalOpen Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2021


  • Adolescents
  • Friendship
  • Parenting
  • Self Esteem


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