The impact of glutaraldehyde on the characteristics of bovine hydroxyapatite-gelatin based bone scaffold as gentamicin delivery system

Aniek Setiya Budiatin, Maria Apriliani Gani, Chrismawan Ardianto, Samirah, Sahrati Yudiaprijah Daeng Pattah, Fitroh Mubarokah, Junaidi Khotib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomaterials are widely used as drug delivery systems targeting bone tissue, such as to treat bone infectious disease. However, the addition of drugs to biomaterials weakens their mechanical properties. Crosslinkers are compounds that improve the mechanical properties of biomaterials. This study aims to determine the effect of glutaraldehyde (GTA) as a crosslinker on the characteristics of bovine hydroxyapatite-gelatin-based bone scaffold with gentamicin as antibiotics (BHA-GEL-GEN-GTA). BHA-GEL-GEN-GTA scaffold with GTA solid content ranging from 0.1 to 1.4 wt% was made by direct compression. The compressive strength test was carried out using autograph. Scaffold degradation test was carried out by dissolving the scaffolds in PBS. Scaffold toxicity was performed by MTT assay using BHK-21 fibroblast cells. There was a significant difference in the scaffolds' compressive strength due to differences in GTA volume. Scaffold crosslinked using GTA with solid content 0.1 and 0.2 wt% in 2 mL solution had higher compressive strength than those in 1 mL solution. Furthermore, GTA with solid content 0.6, 1, 1.2, and 1.4 wt% showed higher compressive strength than those without GTA. Degradation test results showed that GTA increased the percentage of weight loss and swelling of the scaffold. The scaffold exhibited a nontoxic profile in MTT assay. GTA with optimum solid content shows great compressive strength, stable swelling profile with low percentage of scaffold's weight loss, and is considered as nontoxic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-691
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • biomaterials
  • bovine hydroxyapatite
  • compressive strength test
  • degradation test
  • glutaraldehyde; infectious disease

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