The histone deacetylase inhibitor MS-275 enhances the matrix mineralization of dental pulp stem cells by inducing fibronectin expression

Shigeki Suzuki, Kento Sasaki, Rahmad Rifqi Fahreza, Eiji Nemoto, Satoru Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/purpose: The acetylation of histone H3 proteins keeps local chromatin regions open and accessible, thereby facilitating transcriptional events. We recently reported integrative epigenomic and transcriptome analyses of differentiating dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). A significant increase in the number of super-enhancers, which are local genomic locations marked by condensed open chromatin peaks that facilitate transcriptional events, in differentiating DPSCs were observed. However, it is still unclear whether histone deacetylase (HDACs) inhibitors (HDACis) have beneficial effects on the odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs and on the matrix mineralization-inducing ability of DPSCs. Materials and methods: DPSCs were cultured in an odontogenic induction medium for a prolonged period in the presence of HDACis, MS-275 and Trichostatin A (TSA). ATAC-seq and RNA-seq samples were collected from differentiating DPSCs to explore the epigenomic and transcriptomic alterations induced by HDACis and identify key target proteins that mediate HDACis-induced phenotypic changes. Results: MS-275 and TSA did not change whole-genome open chromatin accessibility or increase odontogenic differentiation, as assessed by alkaline phosphate activity. However, the matrix mineralization-inducing ability assessed by calcified nodule formation was significantly increased by MS-275 but not by TSA. FN1, which encodes fibronectin, was identified as upregulated by MS-275. The knockdown of fibronectin evidently suppressed MS-275-induced calcified nodule formation. Conclusion: MS-275 induced calcified nodule formation by the mechanistic upregulation of FN1, independent of epigenomic alterations. Hence, the application of MS-275 as direct capping materials has therapeutic potential for promoting reparative dentin formation by constructing a fibronectin-organizing physiological extracellular matrix environment that is adequate for matrix mineralization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • ATACseq
  • Fibronectin
  • Histone deacetylase (HDACs) inhibitor
  • MS-275
  • Odontogenic differentiation
  • RNA-seq

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