Purpose: Older adults living in nursing homes may become vulnerable because of errors or incidents; it is necessary to create a positive safety culture to minimise such occurrences. However, safety culture is still a prevailing issue in Indonesian nursing homes. This study aims to examine factors related to resident safety culture in nursing homes located in Indonesia. Design/methodology/approach: This study used a cross-sectional research design and involved 13 nursing homes in East Java province, Indonesia. Multistage cluster samplings were used to determine the respondents of this study. The respondents included 219 employees: managers, health care, supportive and administrative staff. The Indonesian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire was used to measure safety culture. Findings: Most of the respondents (68.5%) had a positive perspective on the nursing home’s safety culture. Staffs who had worked for six to ten years in the nursing home were 17.07 times more likely to have positive perspective on safety culture with a p-value of 0.0002. Respondents who gave direct care also had a positive perception of safety culture with a p-value of 0.008. Research limitations/implications: Broader insight into safety culture needs to be provided to all staff in the nursing home. Safety topics should be included in the orientation session for new staff. Originality/value: The staff’s work experience and direct care have a significant connection to safety culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalWorking with Older People
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2023


  • Factor
  • Nursing home
  • Older adults
  • Older people
  • Safety climate
  • Safety culture
  • Work experience


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