3 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an infectious disease that targets the human immune system by attacking cluster of differentiation (CD)4 cells. The use of propolis in HIV patients is expected to be safe and beneficial in terms of increasing endurance and immunity by its role in increasing CD4 level. This study aimed to analyze the influence of propolis supplementation in increasing the CD4 level in anti-retroviral (ARV)-treated HIV patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-83
Number of pages9
JournalIndonesian Biomedical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • ARV
  • CD4
  • HIV
  • propolis


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