Background: COVID-19 survivors often result in persistent symptoms, even months after being discharged, that lead to decreased lung function. Incentive spirometry is commonly used in pulmonary rehabilitation as it encourages the patient to take slow and deep inspiration through visual feedback. This study aimed to analyze the effects of incentive spirometry exercise on pulmonary function in COVID-19 survivors. Method: Twenty COVID-19 survivors aged 18-59 were enrolled in the study and divided randomly into two groups; ten survivors in the experimental group that received incentive spirometry exercise and ten survivors in the control group that received diaphragmatic breathing exercise. Both exercises were performed five times daily, with ten repetitions each for four weeks. Peak expiratory flow (PEF) was measured by a peak flow meter before and after the treatment in both groups. The data were analyzed statistically. Result: There was a significant increase in pulmonary function in the experimental group (p=0.001) and control group (p=0.001). However, the two groups had no significant difference in pulmonary function (p=0.198). The incentive spirometry exercise shows a more significant effect on pulmonary function rather than diaphragmatic breathing. Conclusion: Incentive spirometry exercise could be an alternative therapy to improve the pulmonary function of COVID-19 survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-544
Number of pages6
JournalBali Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • COVID-19 survivors
  • incentive spirometry
  • peak expiratory flow (PEF)


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