Background and Aim: The combination of vitrification techniques and in vitro maturation can reduce oocyte competence. Mitogen-activated protein kinase and maturation-promoting factor are significant in oocyte meiotic maturation regulation. This study aimed to analyze vitrification's effect, after warming followed by in vitro maturation, on the expressions of protein 38 (p38), cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), and cyclin B and oocyte maturation level. Materials and Methods: Immature goat oocytes were soaked in vitrification and warming solutions. The procedure was followed by in vitro maturation and in vitro maturation without post-warming vitrification as a control. These oocytes, along with their cumulus, were vitrified using hemistraw in liquid nitrogen. Oocyte maturation was carried out in a maturation medium that was added with 10 μg/mL of FSH, 10 μg/mL of LH, and 1 μg/mL E2 for 22 h. The expressions of p38, CDK1, and cyclin B were observed using immunocytochemical methods, which were assessed semiquantitatively according to the modified Remmele method. The oocyte maturation level was observed using the aceto-orcein staining method based on the achievement of chromosomes up to the metaphase II stage and/or the formation of the polar body I. Results: P38 expression in vitrified oocytes after warming, followed by in vitro maturation, increased insignificantly (p≥0.05), with the acquisition of 3.91±2.69 and 2.69±0.50 in the control oocytes. CDK1 expression in vitrified oocytes decreased significantly (p≤0.05) after warming, followed by in vitro maturation, with the acquisition of 2.73±1.24 and 7.27±4.39 in the control oocytes. Cyclin B expression in vitrified oocytes decreased insignificantly (p≥0.05) after warming, followed by in vitro maturation, with the acquisition of 3.09±1.4 and 4.18±2.61 in the control oocytes. The proportion of vitrified oocyte maturation levels after warming, followed by in vitro maturation, decreased significantly (p≤0.05), with the acquisition of 45.45% and 77.27% in the control oocytes. Conclusion: This study concluded that vitrification after warming resulted in an insignificant increase in p38 expression, a significant decrease in CDK1 expression, an insignificant decrease in cyclin B expression, and a significant reduction in oocyte maturation levels.
- Cyclin B
- In vitro maturation