The effect of polystyrene addition in characteristics of zinc oxide eugenol dental cement

Prihartini Widiyanti, Siswanto, Betanty Prasetya Sadewi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Zinc oxide-eugenol cements are easier to be tolerated by tissue than other dental materials. They could relieve pain, antibacterial and antiseptic. The cements provide better sealing properties than other type of cements. They used as temporary filling materials, gingival dressings due to their poor mechanic properties. In order to increase the mechanical properties and to reduce solubility of this cement,the additive must be added in the composition of this cement. This study used dental materials, namely zinc oxide eugenol dental cement and polystyrene additives. The sample used in this study was made of the dental cement composition of zinc oxide eugenol cement without the addition of additives polystyrene and with the addition of 2%, 5% and 10% variations of polystyrene.The results of the tensile strength test and compressive strength test are showed that the larger the percentage of polystyrene additives added to the samples, the greater the two parameters of mechanical strength. This result was in accordance with microstructure characteristic using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) which showed that the greater the percentage of the polystyrene additive, the more subtle the connection between the cement and the teeth.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd International Conference on Physical Instrumentation and Advanced Materials 2019
EditorsHerri Trilaksana, Sulaiman Wadi Harun, Cameron Shearer, Moh Yasin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735440562
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2020
Event2nd International Conference on Physical Instrumentation and Advanced Materials, ICPIAM 2019 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Oct 2019 → …

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2314
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference on Physical Instrumentation and Advanced Materials, ICPIAM 2019
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period22/10/19 → …

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