Introduction: Self-efficacy is one of the constructs in social cognitive theory (SCT) associated with dietary behavior including adherence. Mindfulness during eating activity enhances self-awareness the body's physiological alert response for hunger and satiety through internal dialogue that contributes to re-patterning behavioral patterns. Method: Quasy experimental with pretest-posttest control group design with statistical anslysis using Mann Whitney and Wilcoxon. Result: The statistic test result showed that mindfulness-based eating exercise with social cognitive theory (SCT) approach had an effect on self efficacy (p = 0,026) and dietary adherence (p = 0, 031). Discussion: Mindfulness-based eating exercise with social cognitive theory (SCT) approach significantly increases the value of categories self-efficacy and dietary adherence from medium to high self-efficacy level and from moderate to good dietary adherence level.
- Diabetes mellitus
- Social cognitive theory