The effect of long-term ketogenic diet on serum adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels in mice

Deandra M. Widiatmaja, Alif Lutvyani, Desi R. Sari, Hamidah Kurniasari, Ismi D. Meiliana, Minidian Fasitasari, Yoshio Yamaoka, Purwo S. Rejeki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Noncommunicable disease (NCD) including obesity, cancer, and diabetes has become particular concern worldwide due to its morbidity and mortality which keep increasing annually. Adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) are known to be substances that are involved in the development of NCD. Several diet regimens have been developed to treat NCD, one of which is the ketogenic diet (KD). This study aimed to analyze the long-term KD effect on serum adiponectin and IGF-1 levels in mice. Methods: This study was a real experimental with post-test only controls group design. The subjects were 14 male mice (2-3 months, 20-30 g) were randomly divided into two groups, K1 (n=7, standard diet) and K2 (n=7, KD with a composition of 60% fat, 30% protein, and 10% fiber). All subjects were given diet intervention for 8 weeks ad libitum. Serum adiponectin and IGF levels were measured in post-intervention using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Distribution of normality was analyzed by the Shapiro-Wilk Test, mean difference using Independent T-Test, and linear correlation using Pearson's Correlation Test. Data analysis was performed using Statistic Package for Social Science Version 16. Results: Serum adiponectin levels in K1 (0.080 ± 0.012) pg/mL and K2 (0.099 ± 0.005) pg/mL, with p=0.003. Serum IGF-1 levels in K1 (133.535 ± 25.702) ng/mL and K2 (109.987 ± 27.118) ng/mL, with p=0.121. Coefficient correlation between serum adiponectin and serum IGF-1 levels [r]=-0.401, with p=0.155. Conclusions: Long-term KD increases serum adiponectin levels and has no effect on serum IGF-1 levels. There was no significant correlation between serum adiponectin and serum IGF-1 levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-618
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022


  • IGF-1
  • adiponectin
  • ketogenic diet
  • long-term
  • mice
  • obesity


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