The Effect of Aloe vera Extract Variation in Electrospun Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)-Aloe vera-Based Nanofiber Membrane

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Electrospinning technique is a method to produce nanofiber with high potential difference. Several main parameters in the electrospinning process are solution parameter, such as viscosity, surface tension and conductivity. Those parameters affect the morphology of nanofiber membrane produced by the electrospinning process. This study used 10% PVA in aquadest with several Aloe vera concentration (0, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 % w/v). The viscosity of the solution increased when the concentration of the Aloe vera increased. SEM image of the nanofiber membrane showed that the diameter of the nanofiber increased with the increase of the Aloe vera concentration, with the highest diameter of 379.80 nm on the membrane with Aloe vera concentration of 10% w/v. The result of DSC test showed that there were shifts on the glass transition (Tg) and melting point (Tm) value along with the addition of Aloe vera in the PVA solution. This results was also emphasized with the result of FTIR test which showed the shift on the wavenumber absorbance due to the crosslinking between PVA and Aloe vera. The degradation test indicated that the presence of crosslinking could maintain the nanofiber structure, thus the membrane was not easily degraded.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012096
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2018
Event8th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, ICTAP 2018 - Medan, Indonesia
Duration: 20 Sept 201821 Sept 2018


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