The Driving Factors of Social Stigma Against People With HIV/AIDS: An Integrative Review

Angga Wilandika, Ah Yusuf

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction: Social stigma of people living with HIV is a complex phenomenon and has a broad impact on coping with HIV. It is necessary to review the up-to-date, evidence-based literature to understand the social stigma. This study aimed to explore the driving factor of social stigma against people with HIV/AIDS based on empirical studies. Methods: This review used an integrated search of four databases: Web of Science, ScienceDirect, CINAHL (via EBSCOhost), and ProQuest to find articles published during 2014-2022. The search for the article used different combinations of keywords with Boolean operators, including "social stigma", "public stigma", "HIV", "factor", and "dimensional". Studies were selected based on inclusion criteria, focusing on factors that driving stigma against people with HIV/AIDS in community. Results: Twelve articles met the criteria and were used in the review. The factor that drives social stigma includes knowledge and information about HIV/AIDS, irrational and negative attitudes, and discriminatory behavior. Conclusions: Combining all these driving factors of social stigma in an adverse condition will cause unpleasant experiences for people with HIV. The impact of this stigma experience can be an obstacle in addressing the HIV problem. Thus, if we understand the factors driving the social stigma of HIV, strategic steps can be developed and implemented in mitigating and overcoming social stigma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-172
Number of pages9
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • Attitude
  • Behavior
  • HIV
  • Knowledge
  • Social Stigma


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