The dissolution of p-methoxycinnamic acid-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complex produced with microwave irradiation

Dewi Isadiartuti, Juni Ekowati, Noorma, Rosita, Nabella Rizki Amalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: p-methoxycinnamic acid (pMCA) is an ethyl p-methoxycinnamic derivative, which is the largest active ingredient in the rhizome of the kencur (Kaempferia galanga L) plant. Several studies reported that the compound has anti-inflammatory activity but has low solubility in water. The formation of a pMCA-β- cyclodextrin (βCD) inclusion complex with a molar ratio of 1:1 can increase its solubility. The formation of inclusion complexes with conventional methods requires a long time and the yield value is not optimal. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the dissolution of the pMCA-βCD inclusion complex produced using the microwave irradiation method. Methods: The product was manufactured with chloroform sol-vent and a power of 400 watts (power 80%). It was then evaluated using the Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) every 2 minutes until the 8th minute. The reaction was complete after 4 minutes of treatment with a yield of 96.5%. The obtained inclusion complexes were evaluated using DTA, FTIR, and PXRD. Subsequently, a dissolution test was carried out using a type 2 apparatus in distilled water medium of pH 6.8±0.05 at 37±0.5°C. Results: The results showed that there was a change in the melting temperature profile, infrared spectra, and crystallinity of the product. An 89.18% dissolution was also obtained within 60 minutes, which was twice that of pMCA compounds. Conclusion: From the results of the study, it can be concluded that the formation of pMCA-βCD inclusion complexes using the microwave irradiation method is capable of providing high-yield values in a short time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2500
JournalJournal of Public Health in Africa
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Dissolution
  • Drug
  • Microwave irradiation
  • p-methoxycinnamic acid
  • β-cyclodextrin


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