The different intake of energy and macronutrient on weekdays and weekend among adolescent in urban city

Syafira Kandinasti, Farapti Farapti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Prevalence of over nutrition in adolescents has increased every year in the world. Over nutrition in adolescents can impact on metabolic syndrome, mental health problems, and decreased academic achievement. Over nutrition caused by various factors including food intake. During weekends some people use more time to relax and not control their food intake. Increasing food intake on weekends contributed to cause an increasing body weight at the weekends. Objective: To analyze the differences energy and macro nutrient intake during weekdays and weekends in adolescents. Method: The design of this study was cross sectional on students of senior high school aged 16-18 years with total sample was 82 people. Data were obtained using a recall questionnaire to determine food intake and anthropometric measurements of weight and height to determine the nutritional status. Results: In boys and girls there is an increasing of energy and macro nutrients intake on weekends compared to weekdays. A total of 46 students were gain their body weight on the weekend. In girls energy intake increased 35.04 kcal, carbohydrate 11.82 grams, fat 0.03 grams and protein 3.15 grams. Whereas in boys energy intake increased 34.33 kcal, carbohydrate 11.02 grams, fat 10.25 grams and protein 2.85 grams. The average weight gain in girls was 0.35 kg and 0.31 in boys. Adolescent with the increased of energy intake on weekend risked higher 4.133 to gain the body weight on weekend day Conclusion: To prevent weight gain and over nutrition, adolescents better to pay attention of their food intake on weekends both in terms of quantity and quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Macronutrient
  • Obesity
  • Weekdays
  • Weekend


Dive into the research topics of 'The different intake of energy and macronutrient on weekdays and weekend among adolescent in urban city'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this