The densitometric analysis of protein pattern in cleft lip and palate patients

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Objectives: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) belongs to the congenital anomaly that is clinically seen as cleft in lip, alveolar bone, palate, and nasal septum. The patients suffer from esthetic and various functional defects. CLP is resulted from impaired palatogenesis during the embryonic phase. The etiology of CLP is influenced by genetic, environmental, and combination of both. According to the literature, CLP is highly associated with defect in interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) and poliovirus receptor-like (PVRL1) genes. The present study aimed to investigate the total protein profile and to identify protein IRF6 and PVRL1 in plasma of CLP patients. Materials and Methods: Dot-Blot analysis was performed to identify protein target of IRF6 and PVRL1. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was performed in gel concentration 12% using plasma of CLP patients, their parents, and control population. The gels were stained by Coomassie blue afterward. Gels were analyzed through ImageLab 5.2.1 software. Results: The intensity of major bands in CLP patients was darker than control group, but remains similar to the parents group. The target protein IRF6 and PVRL1 were positively identified through Dot-Blot. Retardation factor value was significantly different in major bands of CLP patients compared to control group. Conclusion: There pattern of protein profile in CLP patients was different compared to non-CLP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-244
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • Cleft lip and palate
  • interferon regulatory factor 6
  • poliovirus receptor-like
  • sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis


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