The change of metallothionein and oxidative response in gills of the Oreochromis niloticus after exposure to copper

Faridlotul Ma’rifah, Miftahul Rohmah Saputri, Agoes Soegianto, Bambang Irawan, Trisnadi Widyaleksono Catur Putranto

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the effects of waterborne copper (Cu) on the levels of metallothionein (MT) and malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in gills of cichlid fish Oreochromis niloticus. The Cu concentrations in gills were measured using an atomic absorption spectrometer. The sandwich-ELISA was used to measure MT, SOD, CAT, and MDA. The Cu concentrations in gills of fish that were exposed to 1, 5, and 10 mg Cu/L were significantly increased at day 1 (D1), then gradually decreased starting from D2, and reaches the similar value with the controls at D5. A similar tendency has been observed in the MT levels in the gills. All of the Cu-exposed fish showed the highest level of MT on D1, and then decreased at D3 and a plateau at D4 and D5. The levels of SOD and CAT in gills in all Cu-exposed fish showed a similar pattern: increased significantly at D1, then gradually decreased starting from D2, and increased again at D4 and D5. The levels of MDA in gills of all Cu-exposed fish showed no significant difference. The indifference levels of MDA in gills of all Cu-exposed fish suggested the antioxidant defense systems (SOD and CAT) combined with the induction of MT were able to completely scavenge the increased ROS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number353
JournalAnimals
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Cichlid fish
  • Cu
  • Free radicals
  • Metallothionein
  • Oxidative stress

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