The administrative courts: The quest for consistency

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter looks at legal certainty in Indonesia’s administrative courts. It provides a brief overview of the genesis and development of this branch of the Indonesian judiciary and then shifts its focus to how administrative court judges interpret and apply so-called ‘general principles of proper administration’ (hereafter ‘General Principles’). These principles are one of the two grounds for which administrative courts can review administrative decrees, the other ground being the violation of a statute or regulation. The choice of these principles as a way of discussing legal certainty is deliberate: from the start of the administrative court system, it was the intention of the legislator and the Supreme Court to develop these principles by means of judicial precedent. This is highly unusual in Indonesian legal practice, where legislative and executive lawmaking have always been dominant and little space is left for judge-made law. In other words, if ever there has been a field of law in Indonesia in which the judiciary is well-positioned to take the lead in developing consistent legal rules, it is in this one. Despite positive developments in the conditions for consistent interpretation, this objective has not been achieved yet - although the situation is better than in the civil and criminal courts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Politics of Court Reform
Subtitle of host publicationJudicial Change and Legal Culture in Indonesia
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781108636131
ISBN (Print)9781108493468
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Administrative courts
  • Indonesia
  • Judicial reform


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