Ten years of in vitro fertilization in Indonesia: Access to infertility care in a developing country

Budi Wiweko, Eliza Mansyur, Tita Yuningsih, Ivan Sini, Vita Silvana, Mila Maidarti, Achmad Kemal Harzif, Gita Pratama, Kanadi Sumapraja, Raden Muharam, Andon Hestiantoro, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Nurin Aisyiyah Listyasari, Batara Sirait, Hendy Hendarto, Tono Djuwantono, Binarwan Halim, Ilyas Angsar, Nusratuddin Abdullah, Putra AdnyanaShofwal Widad, Samsulhadi Samsulhadi, Syarief Thaufik Hidayat, Hartanto Bayuaji, Wiryawan Permadi, Dedy Hendry, Syahnural Lubis, Pritta Ameilia Iffanolida, Kresna Mutia, Tri Septyani, Fahreza Akbar Siregar, Namira Khairani, Axel Jovito, Yuli Hayatunnufus, Ni Putu Cahya, Dafi Yulinda, Sarah Susanto, Tiara Berliana Azzahra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This research was conducted to assess access to assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and the current status of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) program that have been implemented in Indonesia over the last 10 years. Methods: We established a retrospective cohort study and descriptive analysis of the current state of access to infertility care in Indonesia. The data were collected from all IVF centers, clinics, and hospitals in Indonesia from 2011 to 2020, including the number of IVF clinics, total ART cycles, retrieved fresh and frozen embryos, average age of IVF patients, IVF pregnancy rate, and causes of infertility. Results: The number of reported fertility clinics in Indonesia has increased from 14 clinics in 2011 to 41 clinics by 2020. As many as 69 569 ART cycles were conducted over the past 10 years, of which 51 892 cycles used fresh embryos and 17 677 cycles used frozen embryos. The leading cause of consecutive infertility diagnosis was male infertility. Nearly half of the women who underwent IVF procedures (48.9%) were under 35 years old. The pregnancy rate outcome of women who underwent IVF ranged from 24.6% to 37.3%. Conclusion: Developments in ART in Indonesia have led to improvements in the ART cycles performed throughout the 10 year period. The identification of key areas that require improvement can provide an opportunity to enhance access to infertility care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1150
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • Indonesia
  • assisted reproductive technology
  • female infertility
  • fertility clinics
  • in vitro fertilization
  • infertility
  • infertility care
  • male infertility


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