Telehealth and telemedicine prenatal care during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review with a narrative synthesis

Sofia Al Farizi, Dewi Setyowati, Dyah Ayu Fatmaningrum, Azra Fauziyah Azyanti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background: The COVID-19 epidemic has restricted the use of maternal health services, including prenatal care. Telehealth and telemedicine are remote services that can help in the event of a COVID-19 pandemic. In this study, we examined the use of telehealth and telemedicine in prenatal care in various countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Relevant titles were searched in five e-book databases from 31 December 2019 to 31 July 2021: PUBMED, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Sciences, and Google Scholar. Articles were chosen based on the following criteria: a focus on pregnant women, a connection to the COVID-19 pandemic, and a focus on telehealth and telemedicine. A narrative synthesis was used to synthesize the data. Results: Telehealth and telemedicine reduced the risk of transmitting COVID-19 to pregnant women and health workers. The implementation process encountered various challenges, such as the absence of service composition, limited technological accessibility, communication difficulties, and disparities in access. Conclusions: It is imperative for the government and health organizations to have a comprehensive policy and legislation that effectively regulates the provision of services. It is also important to emphasize the importance of reducing inequality, such as by equalizing access to technology and infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-254
Number of pages14
JournalHospital practice (1995)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Covid-19 pandemic
  • Telemedicine telehealth
  • antenatal care
  • maternal health
  • prenatal care
  • remote healthcare


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