Synthesis and characterization of tin oxide-multiwalled carbon nanotube composite material as carbon monoxide gas sensor

Brian Yuliarto, Daryl Widia Zulhendry, Ni Luh Wulan Septiani, Irzaman, Ferdiansjah, Mochammad Zakki Fahmi, Nugraha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gas sensor based on nano-structured tin oxide (SnO2 ) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composite material has successfully been synthesized. Reflux method was used to produce SnO2-MWCNT powder with various ratio 1:0, 4:1, 2:1, 1:1 and 0:1. The XRD result shows that the synthesized material comprises of the combination of carbon elements (MWCNT) and SnO2 of the crystalite cassiterite phase. BET analysis shows that MWCNT particles increase the specific surface area of SnO2 particles. SEM images show the morphology of the SnO2 nanoparticle composite attached to the MWCNT wall with a diameter of 40-60 nm and dispersed around it. Gas sensor testing was carried out at room temperature, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, and 350o C. All sensor samples were exposed to 30 ppm CO gas for 15 minutes. . It was found that sample with 1:0 ratio gives the best response with 98.91% at 350o C. CO gas tests have also been carried out at various concentration 10, 30, 50 and 70 ppm to 4:1 SnO2-MWCNT sample at 150o C. The higher the CO gas concentration, the greater the response. SnO2-MWCNT with 4:1 ratio at 50o C has the fastest response time of 10 s and the fastest recovery time of 3 s.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNano Engineering and Materials Technologies III
EditorsKazuo Umemura
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages35-39
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9783035714302
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event7th International Conference on Nanostructures, Nanomaterials and Nanoengineering, ICNNN 2018 and International Conference on Materials Technology and Applications, ICMTA 2018 - Sapporo, Japan
Duration: 26 Oct 201829 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume947 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Nanostructures, Nanomaterials and Nanoengineering, ICNNN 2018 and International Conference on Materials Technology and Applications, ICMTA 2018
Country/TerritoryJapan
CitySapporo
Period26/10/1829/10/18

Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide gas sensor
  • Composite
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotube
  • Nano-structure
  • Tin oxide

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