Synbiotic fermented milk with double fortification (Fe-zn) as a strategy to address stunting: A randomized controlled trial among children under five in yogyakarta, indonesia

Siti Helmyati, Karina Muthia Shanti, Fahmi Tiara Sari, Martha Puspita Sari, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka, Rio Aditya Pratama, Maria Wigati, Setyo Utami Wisnusanti, Fatma Zuhrotun Nisa’, Endang Sutriswati Rahayu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stunting is one of the public health problems that has yet to be solved in Indonesia. This study developed synbiotic fermented milk with iron and zinc fortification that was then tested in a clinical setting. The product was made from skimmed milk and fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum. A sample of 94 stunted children under five years old were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. The intervention group received double-fortified synbiotic milk, while the control group drank non-fortified milk. After three months, the number of normal children in both groups, according to weight-or height-for-age z-score category, was found to be increasing. However, the difference between the two groups was not significant (p > 0.05). The study suggests that fermented milk may have a good effect on child growth. Further research is needed to deepen the potency of synbiotic fermented milk for stunted children.

Original languageEnglish
Article number543
Pages (from-to)na
JournalProcesses
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Children
  • Double fortification
  • Fermented milk
  • Iron and zinc
  • Stunting
  • Synbiotic

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