Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare, complex and severe abnormality in an infant. Globally, neonatal mortality as a consequence of congenital anomalies is increasing and is therefore outlined as an emerging priority to be addressed by the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the post-2015 child health agenda. Although numerous cases are discovered prenatally or in the early postnatal period, 5-25% of CDH are detected in delayed onset after birth. The aim of this article was to discuss the case of CDH with moderate persistent pulmonary hypertension, moderate muscular ventricular septal defect, and small patent ductus arteriosus. Case Presentation: A-8 days old, 3,060 g, a full-term male infant was referred to our tertiary hospital with transient tachypnea of the newborn and a suspected case of congenital heart disease. The defect was repaired after stabilization of the cardiac output and gas exchange. During recovery after surgery, the patient was placed on high-frequency oscillation after surgery and was given potent inotropic support. The patient made an uneventful postoperative recovery. Conclusion: The management of CDH patients should be multidisciplinary. More clinical studies were required to elaborate on a suitable management protocol for the CDH.
- high-frequency oscillation
- persistent pulmonary hypertension