This research examines how tradition, religion, livelihood, and environment could influence and construct family sizes in Tenggerese. The study was conducted with a realist ethnographic study approach. The results showed that despite having another profession, Tenggerese people still claim to be farmers. Tenggerese realised that there was limited land. The amount of land is fixed, but the population continues to increase. Then there must be an effort to limit birth rate to maintain a balance between the number of people and land. Tenggerese religion comes from ancestors. Out of the region around Bromo, then the same as leaving the ancestral land of Tengger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)964-978
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Ethnography
  • Family planning
  • Family size
  • Maternal health
  • Tenggerese


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