Student challenging behavior with a positive behavior support training for teachers: A case study

Hasna Pratiwi Kuswardani, Pramesti Pradna Paramita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Challenging behavior is repetitive behavior that risks interfering with learning or involvement in prosocial interactions. Challenging behaviors are often shown by students and difficult to manage, such as: defiance and noncompliance, destruction, disruption, physical aggression, self-injury, social withdrawal, socially inappropriate behavior, stereotypes, and verbal aggression. One of the ways of good classroom management is through Tier 1 Positive Behavior Support (PBS) training. It is very necessary for students and teachers when they are in the school environment because it can create a conducive classroom atmosphere. Therefore, the researcher designed a Tier 1 PBS training program that focuses on the teacher’s ability to manage the classroom using a proactive strategy as opposed to a reactive strategy. The subjects of this training were seven teachers of Islamic junior high school in Central Java, Indonesia. The experimental design was conducted without using a control group and using pre-test and post-test for evaluation. The findings indicated that Tier 1 PBS training is effective in increasing the ability of teachers to use proactive classroom management strategies and reducing the use of reactive classroom management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1764-1770
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Challenging behavior
  • Classroom management
  • Positive behavior support
  • Teachers
  • Tier one


Dive into the research topics of 'Student challenging behavior with a positive behavior support training for teachers: A case study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this