Sponge amnion potential in post tooth extraction wound healing by interleukin-6 and bone morphogenetic protein-2 expression analysis: An animal study

Dwi Wahyu Indrawati, Elly Munadziroh, Theresia Indah Budhy Sulisetyawati, Prasiddha Mahardhika El Fadhlallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Wound tooth extraction is a mechanical injury that traumatizes adjacent tissue. Sponge amnion contains growth factors that can promote postextraction wound healing. Amnion membranes can be transformed into sponge form rendering it easier to use. The aim of this study is to analyze interleukin-6 (IL-6) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) expression in postextraction wound healing on the 1st and 7th day after sponge amnion application. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight Wistar rats were used in this experimental descriptive analytical study. Fourteen animals' first right anterior mandible tooth was extracted; then, the socket applied by sponge amnion and sutured (treatment group), while 14 others only sutured (as control group). The alveolar bone tissue of animal was observed 1st and 7th days after extraction and then was analyzed using immunohistostaining to identify the expression of IL-6 and BMP-2. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA with the level of significance (P < 0.05). Results: IL-6 expression in the treatment group was significantly lower than the control group on the 1st and 7th days (P = 0.000). BMP-2 expression in the treatment group was significantly higher than the control group on the 1st and 7th days (P = 0.000). Conclusion: Sponge amnion can promote the healing process by increasing the expression of BMP-2 and decreasing IL-6 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-288
Number of pages6
JournalDental Research Journal
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019

Keywords

  • Amnion membrane
  • bone morphogenetic protein-2
  • interleukin-6
  • wound healing

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