SPECTROSCOPY DATA CALIBRATION USING STACKED ENSEMBLE MACHINE LEARNING

MAHMUD IWAN SOLIHIN, CHAN JIN YUAN, WAN SIU HONG, LIEW PHING PUI, CHUN KIT ANG, W. A.F.A. HOSSAIN, AFFIANI MACHMUDAH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a widely used analytical technique for non-destructive analysis of various materials including food fraud detection. However, the accurate calibration of NIRS data can be challenging due to the complexity of the underlying relationships between the spectral data and the target variables of interest. Ensemble learning, which combines multiple models to make predictions, has been shown to improve the accuracy and robustness of predictive models in various domains. This paper proposes stacking ensemble machine learning (SEML) for calibration of NIRS data with two levels of learning involved. Eight (8) spectroscopy datasets from public repository and previously published works by the authors are used as the case study. The model well generalized the data in the respective regression tasks with R2 of at least ≈0.8 in the test samples and in therespective classification tasks with classification accuracy (CA) of at least ≈0.8 also. In addition, the proposed SEML can improve, or at least reach par with, the accuracy of individual base learners in both train and test samples for all cases of regression and classification datasets. It shows superior performance in test samples for both regression and classification datasets with respectively R2 ranging from 0.86 to nearly 1 and CA rangingfrom 0.89 to 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-224
Number of pages17
JournalIIUM Engineering Journal
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chemometrics calibration
  • food fraud detection
  • food safety and security
  • near infrared spectroscopy
  • stacking ensemble machine learning

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'SPECTROSCOPY DATA CALIBRATION USING STACKED ENSEMBLE MACHINE LEARNING'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this