Social support through religion and psychological well-being: COVID-19 and coping strategies in Indonesia

Muhammad Saud, Asia Ashfaq, Ansar Abbas, Septi Ariadi, Qaisar Khalid Mahmood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) originated in China at the end of 2019, the virus festered there for four months before spreading globally. Impacting the developed and developing world including Indonesia. It has transformed social, economic and political practices social life, everyday habits and government policies, with multi-dimensional consequences on human life. The present study endeavours to explore the relationship between religiosity, social capital, and psychological well-being of the general public, particularly in terms of coping with the pandemic. In addition to this, the study aims to highlight the importance of public awareness regarding social distancing, use of religion as a coping mechanism, and living a healthy lifestyle during pandemic. For knowing the perception of the masses, an online survey by using a self-administered questionnaire was carried out among coronavirus patients, the general public, social media activists, students, and professionals across Indonesia. The findings indicate that the pandemic has altered the lifestyle of the masses in different ways and that people have varied perceptions towards this virus regarding its spread and preventive measures. The study also reveals that, social capital (β = .418, p < .001), psychological well-being (β = .343, p < .001), and religious coping (β = .145, p <. 01) have a significant amount of the variance of coronavirus situational stress (F = 69.77, p <.001, R2 = 0.485). Lastly, the study suggests that, adopting preventative measures, standard operating procedures that are sustainable and healthy forms of coping with the pandemic will be equally as important as medical care in order to contain and eventually eradicate the virus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3309-3325
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • COVID-19
  • Indonesia
  • Pandemic
  • Quarantine
  • Religious
  • Social distancing
  • Spiritual coping


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