Simple and fast design of folic acid-based carbon dots as theranostic agent and its drug release aspect

Mochamad Z. Fahmi, Novia F. Sholihah, Aswandi Wibrianto, Satya C.W. Sakti, Fakhri Firdaus, Jia yaw Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The usage of folic acid as source carbon dots is an excellent way to promote its efficient and specific target to folate receptor expressed cells, even the most methods serve on the complicated procedure. This research was conducted by synthesizing folic acid-based carbon dots (FACDs) through furnace and microwave-assisted methods to offer a simple and effective process. Thermal treatment belongs to the methods that allow both dehydration and carbonization of folic acid to produce graphene oxide-like structure carbon dots. The successful synthesis process was convinced with some characterization data, like diameter size of FACDs was below than 6 nm sizes and photoluminescence at emission 481 nm. Further FTIR, Raman, and XPS analysis demonstrated potency formation of graphene oxide-like structure on CDs within a non-polar feature. In vitro assessment through CCK-8, flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy revealed that all of the prepared FACDs perform low-toxicity and work well on HeLa cancer staining by folate receptor-mediated endocytosis into the cell cytoplasm. On the good agreement with diagnostic capability on the cell, FACDs produced by both methods also perform excellent therapeutic capability on doxorubicin delivery with its kinetical release follow the Korsmeyer-Peppas model. All the findings confirm that the methods were excellent ways to perform good FACDs as theranostic agents for biological applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124596
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2021


  • Bioimaging
  • Carbon dots
  • Flow cytometry
  • Folic acid
  • Kinetic release


Dive into the research topics of 'Simple and fast design of folic acid-based carbon dots as theranostic agent and its drug release aspect'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this