Seroprevalence of peste des petits ruminants disease in Indonesian buffaloes may be an emerging threat to small ruminants

Indrawati Sendow, Heri Hoerudin, Risza Hartawan, Nuha Fairusya, Atik Ratnawati, April Hari Wardhana, Dyah Haryuningtyas Sawitri, Harimurti Nuradji, Ni Luh Putu Indi Dharmayanti, Muharam Saepulloh, Emdadul Haque Chowdhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Aim: The peste des petit ruminants (PPR) is a disaster-class virus that causes catastrophic drawbacks to small ruminant industries in affected countries. As PPR disease has been reported in neighboring countries, Indonesia, which has a large population of sheep and goats, has become prone to the emerging threat of infection. Because the virus can also infect other animals with subclinical manifestations, large ruminants, such as buffaloes, may play an important role in spreading the virus in the environment. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to identify PPR seroprevalence in the buffalo population of Indonesia. Materials and Methods: A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to identify the specific antibody for PPR viruses in the buffalo population using serum bank collection from the National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia. Results: PPR virus seroprevalence was detected in buffalo from Central Java, East Java, and East Nusa Tenggara Province in Indonesia. Although seroprevalence was low in the population, the antibody titer was relatively high in the positive samples. Sex and age were identified as determinant factors in the seroprevalence distribution of the buffalo population. Conclusion: The presence of antibodies against the PPR virus in buffaloes may indicate that PPR virus is circulating in the buffalo population of Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)535-539
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary World
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Indonesia
  • antibody
  • buffalo
  • peste des petit ruminants
  • seroprevalence


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