Self-efficacy and parental commitment to prevent health risk behavior among adolescents in East Java

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Background: The critical period for developing risky behaviours and lifestyle occurs during adolescence. Self-efficacy and parental commitment are factors in shaping prevention of risk behaviour in adolescents. Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between self-efficacy and parental commitment in preventing health risk behaviour among adolescents. Methods: The research design used a cross sectional approach to correlation study. The study population was parents of adolescents who attended high school in East Java. The sample size was 704 parents. The research instruments were CAQ-8 and self-efficacy questionnaires adopted from The Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE) scale. The online questionnaires were distributed via social media. The data were analysed using the Spearman Rank Correlation statistical test with a significance level of α = 0.05. Results: It was found that there was a significant relationship between parental self-efficacy and commitment to prevent health risk behaviour among adolescents (p ≤ 0.001; r = 0.174). Conclusion: The higher the level of parental confidence, the higher the commitment they have to prevent health risk behaviour in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S20-S23
JournalEnfermeria Clinica
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • Commitment
  • Health risk
  • Self-efficacy
  • Substance abuse


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